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What is Obesity

Obesity is a worldwide issue across all possible age-groups, ethnicities and socio-economic backgrounds. With a large populace coming under the radar for being obese, there is a raising need for effectual medical treatments. Currently, bariatric surgery is the most effective method of weight loss. However, surgery is complex and involves an in-patient stay and there are some associated adverse events. 

Obesity occurs when your body accumulates an excess amount of fat, which can lead to health problems and even shorten your lifespan. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines obesity as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30kg/m2 or higher.

Obesity is becoming more widespread in both developed and developing countries. In Singapore, the number of people who are obese or overweight has been increasing since 1992. In 2017, around 8.7% of adults in Singapore were obese, while 36.2% were overweight.

Now there is a new procedure called Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty (ESG) that emulates the benefits of surgery in a minimally invasive way. It is an alternative if you are severely overweight or unable to lose weight through diet and exercise

Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty reduces the dimension of the stomach using an endoscopic suturing device without the requirement for surgery. Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty leads to considerable weight loss by reducing the capacity to consume. It’s a minimally invasive procedure that reduces the risk of operative complications. 

Hamful Effect of Obesity

Obesity is one of the world’s largest health problems. It is a risk factor for many of the world’s leading causes of death (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes). 8 percent of global deaths in 2017 were the result of obesity. The global annual medical cost of treating obesity is expected to reach US$1.2 trillion by 2025. There are many medical, physical and psycho-social consequences of obesity.

Medical conditions that are caused or worsened by obesity include:

Heart disease and strokes
High blood pressure
Type 2 diabetes
High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
Risk of cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney and prostate.
Gallbladder disease and liver problems
Acid reflux or heartburn
Sleep apnoea and snoring
Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
Infertility and irregular periods in women
Erectile dysfunction in men

Physical limitation due to obesity include:

Tire easily
Run out of breath while doing normal daily tasks such as crossing the road

Psycho-social impact that are caused by obesity include:

Depression
Anxiety or other mental illnesses
Discrimination at home and in the workplace
Low self-esteem and no self confidence
Lower work achievement
Diminish the overall quality of life
Sexual problems

Causes of Obesity

The causes of obesity are complex and involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. Some of the most common causes of obesity include:

Genetics: Some people are more likely to become obese than others due to their genes.
Environment: The environment in which we live can play a role in obesity. For example, the availability of high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and the lack of opportunities for physical activity can contribute to weight gain.
Behavior: Our behaviors, such as our eating habits and physical activity levels, also play a role in obesity. Eating too many calories and not getting enough exercise can lead to weight gain.

How can we help?

It is known that weight loss has a very powerful effect on the conditions mentioned. Many of these obesity-related disorders can improve or disappear after weight loss. On average people can eliminate 70% of their chronic disease medications after losing weight. However scientific evidence shown that once an individual has gained weight to obese proportions, it can be extremely difficult to lose that weight. 

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for obesity. The best treatment for you will depend on your individual circumstances. However, there are some general principles that apply to most people with obesity. These include: Making lifestyle changes, Medication and bariatric Surgery

We offer the following for your weight loss journey Nutrition Counseling and Support, Fitness coaching and Guidance, Life style intervention Program